Recent research has shown that gum disease affects about 70% -90% of adults at some point in their lives. Gum disease is an infectious process caused by the overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria. This condition can range from light bleeding while brushing to loss of all natural teeth. Periodontal treatment serves to keep the gum tissue and bone surrounding the teeth healthy so that the teeth are well supported and last a lifetime. Periodontal treatment can range from rinses, antibiotic regimens and routine cleanings to surgeries provided by a periodontal specialist.